#19 | Russ Araujo | Add Paragraph to C2.4

"Submission 19
Russ Araujo
Heritage Universalist Unitarian Church (Cincinnati, OH) 6821

What is your suggestion or idea?

In the proposed revision of Article II, at the end of Section C-2.4, add a new, separate paragraph, as follows:
“No covenants or pledges expressed in Article II of these bylaws may, by themselves, be used as the basis for the Association or its member organizations to take punitive action against a congregation, organization, or person.”

What is the reason for your amendment idea?

To be most effective, a covenant or agreement to which people are held accountable should have a specified scope, be achievable, and have criteria that are sufficiently detailed so as to be clear. (As examples: A legal contract will specify the requirements of each party in great detail. But even in everyday life, an oral agreement to provide a ride will be specific as to who will pick up whom, at what time, and where.) The covenants expressed in the proposed Article 2 are good as aspirational statements, but do not have these characteristics needed for holding people accountable.

Have you discussed this idea with your congregation or other UUs?

I shared a draft of my amendment to the other delegates in my church; one responded with approval, and I have not heard from the other two. I shared a draft with another congregation member, who responded with approval. I shared a draft with a member of another congregation, who responded with approval. I have been invited to present my draft amendment in a panel discussion at another church, and will be participating in that in April."


Thank you Russ. The “accountability” reference without any criteria other than “values” is very troubling. This must be better defined.


All UUs should be able to agree that destructive behaviors which endangers others warrant suspension and termination of members and that a congregation embracing fascism could not be in covenant with the UUA. The UUA has recommended guidelines for addressing destructive behavior that provide model procedures for suspending or terminating a member that can be incorporated in Congregational bylaws.

Our beloved UU community has become deeply polarized over recent disciplinary actions involving Ministers at the national level and members at the local level that have led some to resign or question their membership. Critics of the A2SC recommendations fear that Congregations could be expelled from the UUA and, at the local level, that Boards and Ministers could terminate individual memberships of those who openly question their leadership as a result of a new phrase added to Section C 2.4 Inclusion:

“. . . . We strive to be an association of congregations that truly welcome all persons who share our values.”

Without taking sides in the highly contested disputes over prior disciplinary actions, the proposed amendment seeks to reassure those willing to vote in favor of other A2SC proposals only if the Bylaws guarantee that discipline will not be imposed for questioning the merits of an evolving UU theology. The proposed amendment will also reinforce and make indisputably clear the proposed new language in Section C 2.5 that Congregations may have covenants: so long as they do not require that members adhere to a particular creed.


Hi Russ,

I don’t feel a strong need for this, but I do want to support you in pursuing it if you want to.

So my only question is: Do you think this Amendment might possibly fit better in Section 2.5?

Hi Kara. Thank you for your support.

In my mind, I had gone back and forth between putting it under C-2.5, “Freedom of belief,” or under C-2.4, “Inclusion.” I decided that it didn’t belong under “Freedom of Belief,” because a person could be deemed to be “out of covenant” for reasons other than belief. Therefore, I put it under “Inclusion,” so that the prohibition of punitive action was not limited to just punitive action against belief. The amendment content can be viewed as fitting under “Inclusion” because punitive actions sometimes (often?) involve removing a person from membership or from a certain status, which is removing them from inclusion in that membership or status.

If you are a delegate to GA 2023, and if you support an amendment to recognize that Article II covenants are aspirational in nature, please sign the support list.

Click here to support Amendment to Recognize A2 Covenants as Aspirational

This amendment recognizes that the proposed Article II covenants do not have the qualities (scope, achievability, and detail) needed to evaluate whether they have been achieved, and thus the amendment prohibits punitive action based upon the covenants.

50 Section C-2.4. Inclusion.
56 participation, especially those with historically marginalized identities.
[ADD THIS SENTENCE:]No covenants or pledges expressed in Article II of these bylaws may, by themselves, be used as the basis for the Association or its member organizations to take punitive action against a congregation, organization, or person.